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Poultry farming in Nigeria has not only proven to be one of the most important aspects of farming but also a very profitable business opportunity for entrepreneurs and provides employment for job seekers.
Our case study for today will be on Layer Poultry Farming, it means raising egg-laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are such a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They continue laying eggs continuously till their 72-78 weeks of age. They can produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of food during their egg-laying period.
This article is will help you go through the steps and will teach you how to start Layer Poultry Farming in Nigeria.
First of all, you need to have at least 15,000 Naira at hand.
The setting of the Poultry Farm
The chicken cage is the first most important part of your poultry farm set up and it is not as expensive as buying or acquiring land. There are so many ways you can build the bird’s house but make sure that the sizes of the building is spacious enough for the chicken to run around.
The house should be constructed in a way that you will be able to control the ventilation and air movement. You can just visit any good poultry farm to see how the house is constructed.
When planning out your chicken house, always remember that space is very important. Don’t compromise on this to avoid frequent loss of your birds through suffocation and contamination.
Get a carpenter to build a cage that big enough to contain 6 birds. And tell the carpenter to build it in a way that the eggs laid can row to the front of the cage for collection. Building this type of cage will about 5,000 Naira or buy a ready-made Layers cage if you have enough money.
2. Purchase The Chickens
This is where the business starts. Visit chicken hatchery to buy yourself six layers birds not less than 2 weeks or above which cost nothing less than 5,00 Naira each that is equal to 3,000 thousand Naira all to get.
3. Feeds and Water Management
The remaining balance of 7,000 Naira should be used for their food. You can buy feed from your local market or make the feed at your own house. You can just make sure the one bought or made is enriched with protein and minerals which are very essential for laying hens.
- Give them at least 2% calcium for 2weeks after birth
- Feed them with starter feed for 8weeks
- Serve them two or three times daily till they are 18weeks old
- Serve them layer poultry feed according to their age and weight
- Don’t decrease their feed while laying (even if their weight increase)
- Provide adequate water according to the demand of your laying hens (supply cold water during hot weather, and lukewarm water in cold weather)
You can prepare your own feed with the following ingredients:
- Dried or smoked fish
- Guinea corn
- Powdered milk with whole fat
Grind the dried or smoke fish together with the maize and guinea corn. After grinding, mix with the milk powder and store it in a plastic bag or container.
Since they are about 2 weeks or above, you need to feed them and care for them for another 15 weeks making two and a half months. When they are 18 weeks old they start laying the eggs for you.
One chicken will lay one egg per day and if you feed well some eggs could increase in size.
Per day : 1 x 6 = 6
In a week 6 x 7 = 42
In a month 42 x 4 = 168
In a year 336 x 6 = 2,016
An egg cost = 50 naira
50 naira x 2,016 = 100,800 (one hundred thousand plus)
And that is just with six layers of birds.
Now imagine 30 birds
In each of the 6 birds in a year, you get;
336 x 6 = 2,016 eggs which cost = 100,800 x 5 = 504,000 (five hundred thousand plus ) from eggs alone! in a year with just 30 birds. Now Imagine more.
The chickens are also another big gain! A fully grown chicken sells for between N1,500 and N3,000 (N1,500 to N3,000 at wholesale price) depending on the size and maturity level. Therefore, thirty chickens will give you N1, 500 x 30 = N45,000!
What are you waiting for? Go ahead and give it a try – I’m sure you’ll have reason to smile soonest!
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