US House of Representatives: Boeing and the FAA are responsible for the 737 MAX crash
After 18 months of investigation, a special panel of the US House of Representatives concluded that Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) are responsible for the 737 MAX crash .
Earlier, the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft suffered two consecutive air crashes, which killed 346 people. Subsequently, the aircraft was grounded globally.
The House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee stated in a harshly worded report released on Wednesday that the accidents were “not caused by a single failure, technical error or mismanagement”.
The report said, “(The two crashes) were a series of erroneous technical assumptions by Boeing engineers, the lack of transparency of the company’s management, and the terrible climax caused by the serious lack of supervision by the FAA.”
In March 2019, Ethiopian Airlines’ 737 MAX flight crashed near Addis Ababa, killing all 157 people on board. In October 2018, a Lion Air 737 MAX plane crashed in Indonesia, killing all 189 people on board.
“Boeing failed in the design and development of the MAX, and the FAA also failed in its supervision of Boeing and certification of the aircraft.” The report detailed a series of problems in the aircraft design and the FAA. Approval process.
Boeing said, “As a company, it has learned many painful lessons from the accident and the mistakes it made.”
The company said that it has fully cooperated with the House of Representatives committee. The 737 MAX’s design modification has undergone intensive internal and external review, involving more than 375,000 hours of engineering and testing time, and 1,300 test flights.
The Federal Aviation Administration said in a statement that it will cooperate with lawmakers “to implement the improvements mentioned in the report.” The agency also added that it will “focus on advancing overall aviation safety by improving the organization, processes and culture.”
The report stated that Boeing had “made wrong assumptions in design and performance,” especially on a critical safety system called MCAS, which was related to the Lion Air and Ethiopian Airlines crashes.
The FAA requires MCAS to take new safety measures, including requiring it to receive data from two sensors before it can put the 737 MAX back into service.
The report also criticized Boeing for “concealing important information from the FAA, its customers and 737MAX pilots,” including “concealing the existence of MCAS from 737MAX pilots.”
The report also stated that the FAA “failed to ensure the safety of passengers.” Lawmakers have proposed many reforms to reorganize the way the FAA regulates aircraft certification. A Senate committee will consider a reform bill on Wednesday.
Lawmakers said that Boeing’s previous motive was to cut costs and quickly bring the 737 MAX to the market.
“This is a tragedy that shouldn’t have happened,” said Peter de Fazio, chairman of the House Transportation Committee. “We will take measures in legislation to ensure that this situation will not happen again as we reform the system.”